Plastic panels used for exterior wall finishing are presented in a wide variety and are often used for house paneling. The installation technology is easy to master yourself, but you must first choose the type of panels, as well as tools and mounting option.
FINISHING THE HOUSE WITH PLASTIC PANELS: THE PROS AND CONS
The appearance of the facade is an important aspect of the arrangement of a residential building. For this purpose, there are many types of materials that differ in properties, cost and other features. Plastic facade panels are a popular solution for the decoration of the facade of a residential building. They have a diverse appearance and have high technical characteristics.
Plastic products differ from metal and other options of lower cost. In many cases, this factor plays an important role. In this case, PVC panels have the following advantages:
- a small weight of the material allows to avoid additional load on the foundation and load-bearing elements of the building;
- the resistance of PVC to atmospheric precipitation and temperature changes ensures their durability;
- a variety of color solutions makes it easy to find a specific option;
- simple installation without a large number of fasteners;
- to clean the panels it is enough to wipe them with a damp cloth;
- damaged elements can easily be replaced with new ones without completely dismantling the walls.
PVC panels are available in all construction shops. When choosing, it is worth considering the shortcomings of the material. An important property of plastic is expressed in the fact that the panels are not sufficiently resistant to ultraviolet radiation. In order to avoid damage to the skin, you need to choose panels with a good protective layer. And also it is worth considering that low-quality elements are more prone to deformation and cracks than thick and durable panels.
Options and selection of PVC panels
All kinds of plastic panels are made on the basis of polyvinyl chloride. In this case, the products are divided into 2 types. The first option is a panel that is completely made of high-quality PVC or vinyl. The structure of such elements is uniform, which ensures the strength and reliability of products. Such PVC panels are in demand on the market and are often used for cladding the facade of buildings.
The second type of PVC products is combined and consists of two layers. The outer shell protects the panels from fading and the effects of atmospheric factors, and the inner layer provides rigidity and strength of the elements. Such panels have a higher cost and are rarely used for finishing the facade.
External differences do not affect the characteristics of products and are taken into account only when designing the facade. When choosing a material, you should pay attention to its thickness, which can be 15, 17, 18, 21 mm. A certain variant is selected depending on the climatic conditions of the region. And also important to take into account the principle of laying, which will be attached to the elements. Mount panels can be horizontal or vertical. In the first case, choose panels of small size, and for vertical installation, products with large parameters, at the full height of the wall, are needed.
WHAT YOU NEED TO WALL THE HOUSE OUTSIDE
The walls are decorated with PVC panels most often using a horizontal method. Preliminary construction of a wooden crate, which should be treated with an antiseptic compound to prevent decay. The installation also involves the presence of a perforator, hammer, roulette, construction level. The usual chalk is needed for marking, and nails or long screws will ensure reliable fastening of the parts.
Starting rake is an essential element and is mounted around the perimeter of the wall. Before the finish, the insulation can be laid, but it is possible to mount the panels without a heat-insulating layer. In the first case, you need to choose a material for insulation, as well as a vapor barrier film.
Calculation of the amount of material
Preparatory work involves the calculation of all parameters, which will facilitate the installation of PVC panels. The determination of the number of elements is one of the important stages. For this you need to make the following calculations:
- Find the total area of surfaces that need to be faced.
- From the total area subtract the area of all the windows and doors.
- To the result obtained, add 10% to the cuts and overlaps.
- The final result is divided by 4.55 (the number of panels “stone” or “brick” in one package).
Fixing elements, J-profile, starting plate, outer corners acquire with a small margin, which is necessary for cuts and laps. For an approximate determination of the number of fasteners, one should take into account that at least 5 screws must be used on one panel, and fixing the starting strip will require the installation of fasteners every 30 cm.
Preparation for fastening
Before fixing the PVC panels, a set of preparatory works is carried out, which involves cleaning the walls of dirt, eliminating sharp nails and projecting irregularities.
Wooden or other walls are covered with an antiseptic compound, and after it dries up, work continues.
Fill the walls with a bridle of 4×5 cm. The distance between the elements is about 60 cm.
Installing the burr
To impart additional rigidity to the panels between the main rails, the rails are mounted with a rail with a smaller height of the bar
In the formed cells lay a heater, which has dimensions slightly larger than the parameters of the cell.
Fixation of the heat insulator is carried out with the help of glue.
If the heater is not used, the waterproofing material is fastened to the crate, and then the panels are mounted.
Mounting of panels on aluminum lathing
Waterproofing without a heater is fastened under the shroud
Plastic panels do not require special preparation for installation. The starting bar should be cut along the length of the wall, also processed and corner elements, platbands.
Covering the walls of the house with PVC panels
Before fixing the panels, you need to set the starting bar at a distance of 10 cm from the corners of the building.
The level of fixation of this element is checked by the building level.
The first corner element is mounted on the left side of the wall, and the bottom edge of the part must be on the same level as the starting bar.
Diagram for fixing the starting bar
The line of fastening of the starting strip should go at one level along the entire perimeter of the building
At the right angle, the edge of the panel entering the groove of the corner element should be cut off. In this way, the first and last panel in the row is processed. For convenience, it is possible to assemble all the panels without using a fastener and mark the cut line.
All panels are assembled using the constructor method, selecting the parts for a strong docking. The last element must be cut in a straight line and fastened with a corner line. Screws screw in the center of the perforation hole, but the cap should not fit very tightly to the panel.
MOUNTING OF PANELS WITHOUT LATHING
Plastic panels are best to be mounted on the lathing, but it is possible that there is no such base. In this case, the surface of the walls should be perfectly even, and you can check it with a plumb. If a difference is detected between the upper and lower parts of the wall of more than 3 cm, it is not possible to mount without a sheath. Sharp protrusions, nails, concrete influxes must be eliminated, and then check the evenness of the walls.
Flat walls are to be finished with plastic panels after the preliminary fixing of the waterproofing film. A heat insulation in the absence of a crate can be used from inside the building. The complex of works on the installation of panels without a lath presupposes installation of a socle tide, a starting lath, and angular details. The further facing is carried out on technology with a lathing.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE INSTALLATION OF PVC PANELS
Plastic facade panels are characterized by simple installation technology and ease, which excludes harm to the load-bearing elements of the building. To ensure maximum reliability of the cladding.
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